Spirituality, Employment Hope, and Grit: Modeling the Relationship among Underemployed Urban African Americans

Mar 7, 2019

m_swr_43_1_coverInterest in the construct of grit has increased across disciplines due to its ability to predict success in a wide variety of settings. Grit is a particularly important construct among disadvantaged populations, who typically must overcome a disproportionate number of obstacles to reach their goals.

In a recent issue of the journal Social Work Research, co-published by NASW Press and Oxford University Press, researchers revealed their findings from a study which developed and tested a model of grit among one such population: underemployed urban African Americans. The study sample consists of 1,045 consecutive attendees at a two-week job readiness training program in a large urban area.

The results of the structural equation modeling indicated that spirituality has a direct, positive effect on grit and that this relationship is partially mediated by employment hope. The results suggested that spirituality and employment hope are protective factors that may be leveraged in practice settings to potentially enhance grit.


The journal Social Work is a benefit of NASW membership. It is available online or, at a member’s request, in print. Children & Schools, Health & Social Work and Social Work Research are available by subscription at a discounted rate for NASW members, either online or in print. You can find out more about the journals and subscriptions at this link.

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